Change page style: 

Optical Layout

You are here

GMOS optics
Click for larger image

The GMOS optical train is presented in this schematic. One of six available gratings or the imaging mirror is located at the single fold in the optical path. The wavelength range of the optical design extends from 0.36 to 1.10 µm. It is worth noting however that the primary and secondary optics at both Gemini telescopes have been silver coated, which limits the throughput in the blue for both GMOSs.

Three 2048x4608 CCDs with 13.5 µm pixels are used as the detector at GMOS-N, providing 0.0728" pixels.

Three 2048x4176 CCDs with 15 µm pixels are used as the detector at GMOS-S, providing 0.0809" pixels. 

GMOS Mechanism
Click for larger image

The forward slit environment of GMOS is fairly complex, since it houses a large number of masks (up to 18 at one time) and the Integral Field Unit in a "jukebox" changer, an on-instrument wavefront sensor used for guiding, and includes the capability to hold an atmospheric dispersion corrector (no current plans for installation). The spectral resolving powers available range from about 670 to 4400 with a slit width of 0.5 arcsec, and 8800 with the narrowest, 0.25 arcsec slit - note, however, that in normal seeing conditions slit losses will be very large for the narrowest slits.

GMOS mechanical layout
Click for larger image

A central truss system is used to suspend the optical elements as well as the CCD dewar from the Instrument Support Structure (ISS). A grating turret with micropositioners behind each grating is used to switch between gratings remotely. Note that although there are six gratings available for both GMOSs, only three can be mounted in the instrument at one time (plus the imaging mirror). Finally two filter wheels mounted on a separate structure and measuring ~1 m in diameter house up to 24 filters for various broad-band and narrow-band imaging and spectrum order sorting functions. The available set of GMOS North and GMOS South filters are slightly different.

Gemini Observatory Participants