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Calculated Standard Star Flux Densities for Michelle Filters

A text file containing flux densities of standard stars calculated for the Michelle filters can be found at this link.The values in the file are in-band flux densities in Jy unless there is a "*" after the name, in which case the values in mJy. Those stars with values in mJy are calibration stars for SPITZER and so are unlikely to be used by Michelle. All values are calculated for zero airmass (i.e. outside the atmosphere).

Example mireduce output

mi> mireduce N20050903S0360 rawpath=datapath$
MIREDUCE ------------------------------------------------------------------
MIREDUCE Log opened at [Sat 18:03:54 18-Feb-2006]
MIREDUCE --------------------
MIREDUCE Input Parameters:
MIREDUCE      inimages       = N20050903S0360
MIREDUCE      outimages      = 
MIREDUCE      rawpath        = datapath$
MIREDUCE      outpref        = r
MIREDUCE      fl_background  = no
MIREDUCE      fl_view        = no
MIREDUCE      fl_mask        = no
MIREDUCE      bpm            = 
MIREDUCE      fl_flat        = no

Atmospheric Transmission Data

A set of atmospheric transmission files at resolutions comparable to those available with Michelle and T-ReCS is available below. The files were generated using ATRAN. All of them are for the summit of Mauna Kea, a telescope zenith angle of 30 degrees, and 1.6 mm of precipitable H2O.

The file format is: index, wavelength (um), transmission. Spectral sampling is 2 data points per resolution element.

Bright Stars with Spectral Types B-G

A list of bright telluric standard stars of spectral types B-G for calibration of Michelle spectra is provided below, along with estimated (in most cases) magnitudes at N and Q. Note the following advice on use of the stars in the list below.

T-ReCS Pupil Lens Wheel

The Pupil Lens Wheel is mounted between Fold Mirrors 1 and 2, close to the plane where the beam passes through the optical bench. By inserting a lens into the beam at this point, an image of the pupil (the telescope secondary mirror M2) is formed on the detector. The wheel has a diameter of ~XXX mm and has four positions.

T-ReCS Aperture Stop Wheel

The Aperture Stop wheel is positioned at the f/16 focal plane just inside the dewar. The 5-position wheel can hold up to 4 stops; the fifth position is reserved for the window imaging lens.

Optomechanical Layout

The diagram below shows the T-ReCS optical path from the entrance window to the focal-plane array.

Click on any element for more details of its design and function.

T-ReCS Mirrors

T-ReCS contains 3 off-axis paraboloid mirrors, 3 fixed folding flat mirrors, and 1 additional optical flat on the grating turret. Each mirror is diamond-turned from aluminum alloy with a protected gold coating. The all-reflective optical design ensures that images are confocal across the full wavelength range of the instrument.

Cohen Primary and Secondary MIR Standards

To help with the planning of observations, the basic properties of Cohen's 2 primary and 10 secondary standards are listed in the following table. Also listed are a few other stars which are often used as mid-IR standards. Most of the K and N magnitudes are taken from papers I (1992, AJ, 104, 1650) and IV (1995, AJ, 110, 275). In Cohen's system, the 0 magnitude flux density is 655 Jy at K and 35.21 Jy at N.

Mid-IR Imaging Reduction

This page outlines how to reduce images taken with Michelle and T-ReCS using the IRAF tasks in the midir package. Michelle imaging polarimetry reductions are also briefly described. Imaging observations can be reduced almost automatically if the observations were made in good conditions, although some interactive work is often necessary for observations taken under variable conditions.