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2014B Instrument Availability and Target Accessibility

This page provides best estimates, at the time of the Call for Proposals, of instrument availability and target (RA, dec) restrictions for 2014B.

 

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Instrument and Instrument Configuration Restrictions

At each Gemini telescope, instruments are mounted at the Cassegrain focus on the instrument support structure (ISS). A science fold mirror mounted inside the ISS can be rotated to send the light from the telescope to any of four side-looking ports, or can be retracted so that the light goes to the up-looking port. At each site, the calibration unit and the Adaptive Optics system use two of the side ports, leaving two side-looking and one uplooking port for other instrumentation. As more than three instruments are offered each semester, instrument swaps will be required and not all instruments will be available for the entire semester. Instrument swaps will be driven by demand and scheduled to minimize impact on the queue. Certain targets or entire programs may not be feasible once the final schedule is determined, at ITAC or thereafter. If an instrument is requested for less than 6% of the Bands 1+2 time, the Observatory reserves the right to limit the RA range available to programs, or to not schedule the instrument. Changes to the instrument mounting are not permitted during classical runs.


 


 

 

Non-Sidereal Targets

Non-sidereal targets can have a broader range in RA than indicated in the Tables below due to, for example, the need to observe comets relatively close to the Sun. The ephemeris for any submitted target however must include a position that is accessible between evening and morning twilight at some point in the semester. For rapidly moving targets PIs should specify in the proposal when the target is accessible, and the coordinates of the target at that time, so that the observation can be checked for feasibility.


 


 

 

Gemini North Instrument Availability and Target Accessibility

All instruments are restricted for sky visibility as described in the Table and Figure below. In addition:

  • GNIRS will only be available from October 6 through the remainder of the semester, after engineering work on the instrument has been completed. Targets are therefore limited to RA 21h to 13.5h.
  • DSSI Speckle Camera will be available for up to 100 hours, subject to demand, from 17-27 July, 2014; targets are therefore limited to RA 15h to 1h.
  • TEXES will be available for up to 100 hours, subject to demand, from 7-17 August, 2014; targets are therefore limited to RA 16h to 3h.
  • The Laser Guide Star (LGS) system must be used at or above 40 degrees elevation. How this translates into RA and dec restrictions is indicated in the Table.

 

 


Accessible Restricted** Inaccessible
Declination,
non-LGS
-30° to +73° -37° to -30°,
+73° to +90°
< -37°
Declination,
LGS
-22° to +65° -27° to -22°,
+65° to +68°
< -27° and > +68°
Right Ascension,
non-LGS
19h to 11h 17h to 19h,
11h to 13.5h
13.5h to 17h
Right Ascension,
LGS
20h to 10h 18h to 20h,
10h to 12.5h
12.5h to 18h
Right Ascension,
GNIRS
22h to 11h 21h to 22h,
11h to 13.5h
13.5h to 21h
Right Ascension,
DSSI
16h to 0h 15h to 16h,
0h to 1h
1h to 15h
Right Ascension,
TEXES
17h to 2h 16h to 17h,
2h to 3h
3h to 16h

**Due to limited sky availability during the semester, GMOS MOS programs requiring pre-imaging should not have targets in this region, and other programs with targets in this region should not require a large amount of time, or have strict timing or observing constraints.


 


 

 

Gemini South Instrument Availability and Target Accessibility

All instruments are restricted for sky visibility as described in the Table and Figure below. In addition:

  • Observations using GeMS are restricted to greater than 45 degrees elevation. How this translates into RA and dec restrictions is indicated in the Table.
  • Owing to additional commissioning work at the start of the 2014B semester, targets for GPI are limited to RAs from 19h to 11h. For nominal performance, GPI targets are restricted to a maximum zenith distance of 40 degrees, translated into dec restrictions in the Table below.

 

 


Accessible Restricted** Inaccessible
Declination -87° to +22° -90° to -87°,
+22° to +28°
> +28°
Declination,
GSAOI + GeMS
-70° to +10° -75° to -70°,
+10° to +15°
< -75° and > +15°
Declination,
GPI
-75° to +15° -80° to --75°,
+15° to +20°
< -80° and > +20°
Right Ascension 19h to 9h 16h to 19h,
9h to 12h
12h to 16h
Right Ascension,
GSAOI + GeMS
20h to 8h 19h to 20h,
8h to 11h
11h to 19h
Right Ascension,
GPI
20h to 9h 19h to 20h,
9h to 11h
11h to 19h

**Due to limited sky availability during the semester, GMOS MOS programs requiring pre-imaging should not have targets in this region, and other programs with targets in this region should not require a large amount of time, or have strict timing or observing constraints.


 


 

 

Graphical Illustration

 

GN Target Accessibility

Figure 1: Schematic representation of target accessibility at Gemini North during semester 2014B. Green regions offer unrestricted access, red regions are inaccessible. Hatched areas indicate the more restricted LGS regions. The yellow region is possible, but restricted. See text, and values in the Gemini North Table above.

 

GS Target Accessibility

Figure 2: Schematic representation of target accessibility at Gemini South during semester 2014B. Green regions offer unrestricted access, red regions are inaccessible. Hatched areas indicate the more restricted GeMS regions. The yellow region is possible, but restricted. See text, and values in the Gemini South Table above.