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GRACES

Gemini Remote Access to CFHT ESPaDOnS Spectrograph (GRACES) is the result of a cooperation between the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), Gemini, and NRC-Herzberg (Canada). It will combine the large collecting area of the Gemini North telescope with the high resolving power and high efficiency of the ESPaDOnS spectrograph at CFHT, to deliver high resolution spectroscopy across the optical region. This will be achieved through a 270 m fiber optics (the longest ever made for astronomy) feed from the Gemini North telescope to ESPaDOnS. The on-sky size of the fiber will be 1.2 arcsec.

Planned for 2014 (there is a possibility of a call for System Verification programs during 2014B), GRACES will perform a maximum resolution power of R ~ 50,000 between 400 and 1,000 nm, with expected throughput redward of 600 nm exceeding those of currently available high-resolution spectrographs in 8-10 m class telescopes. The Gemini Multi-Object Spectrograph (GMOS-N) will hold the fiber injector on the Gemini side, and will be used for acquiring targets. The GMOS-N On-Instrument Wave Front Sensor (OIWFS) will be used for guiding, but the Peripheral WFSs could also be chosen under certain circumstances. On the other end of the fiber, GRACES will use its own slicer bench inside ESPaDOnS before the light is sent inside the CFHT's echelle spectrograph. For more information about ESPaDOnS, please visit this page at CFHT.

The Instrument Scientist for GRACES is André-Nicolas Chené. Gemini staff who also supports GRACES include Vinicius Placco. 

Important note 

GRACES is currently designed as an experiment and a future decision about providing GRACES for science observations is dependent upon measured on-sky performance and reaching a long term agreement to share this facility between CFHT and Gemini.

Announcements

21 Jul 2014: GRACES phase I results are presented at the SPIE meeting in Montréal.

16 May 2014: GRACES phase I (experimental phase) commissioning is now completed. The fibers were installed on 24 Apr (see this Youtube video on the Gemini Observatory Channel). The first tests on-sky started on 30 Apr when light was successfully sent through the fibers from the Gemini mirror to a camera installed into the CFHT dome. GRACES fiber was connected to the ESPaDOnS spectrograph on 5 May, and the first light was achived on6 May!

3 mar 2014: Acceptance tests of all the optical and mechanical parts are currently running (Mar 2014). If GRACES performances in the lab are satisfactory, its commissioning will be performed during (Hawaiian) spring. GRACES availability will be decided once the commissioning is completed.

10 Feb 2014: FiberTech Optica achieved to make two 270m fibers that meet the requirement of an average 20% focal ration degradation. 

GRACES science highlights

First science data will be obtained once GRACES is installed again. The decisions about the future of GRACES are still pending.

How to use these pages

The GRACES pages are organized as follows.

 

 

CFHT and Gemini domes next to each other on the Mauna Kea summit (credits Joy Pollard, Gemini/Aura).  

CFHT and Gemini domes next to each other on the Mauna Kea summit (credits Joy Pollard, Gemini/Aura).